Geomorphologia Slovaca et Bohemica   
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Geomorphologia Slovaca et Bohemica


Geomorphosite assessment method of karst landscapes by considering the geomorphological factors
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Morfograficko-morfometrická typizácia Západných Karpát a Slovenska pre potreby geoekologických aplikácií 
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Pavel Zhyrnov:
Geomorphosite assessment method of karst landscapes by considering the geomorphological factors
Geomorphologia Slovaca et Bohemica, 15, 2015, 2, 7 - 19.
9 tabs., 22 refs.

Karst landscapes always attract a lot of tourists all over the world due to the combination of the beautiful and enigmatical landforms with unique complexes of flora and fauna, intricate network of hydrological objects, caves and historical buildings. Today we have different examples of geomorphosite assessment, in which reflect scientific, educational, economical, conservational values of landscapes. However, there is some incompleteness in accounting of morphometrical indexes for touristical and recreational adaptation and in analysis of dangerous natural processes influence for non-hazardous sojourn of tourists. Presented method of geomorphosite assessment implies the accounting of existing estimation values with morpho-metrical characteristics of relief and extent determination of possible dangerous natural processes influ-ence on the human physical state of health on the territory of karst landscapes. Method of creation of the assessment map of karst landscapes for touristical activity were presented with due account of above-mentioned geomorphological factors.
Key Words: geomorphosite assessment method, tourism, geomorphological factor, karst


Marián Šabo, Jozef Minár:
Morphographic-morphometric typification of the Western Carpathians and Slovakia for geoecological application use
Geomorphologia Slovaca et Bohemica, 15, 2015, 2, 20 - 40.
15 figs., 5 tab., 45 refs.

In the contribution we present new comprehensive database of elementary topographic units for the territory of the Western Carpathians and Slovakia in the scale 1 : 100 000. The Western Carpathians cover the territory of Slovakia, Hungary, Austria, Czech Republic and Poland. In the first step we made morphographic-morphometric typification of study area, i.e. delimitation of morphographic types (plains, hilly lands, lower uplands, higher uplands, lower highlands, higher highlands, giant highlands). For the delimitation of spatial units we used expert method, i.e. visual detection of the most significant discontinuities in the image of morphometric characteristics (like expert division of objects from space and aerial photography). The units were typified on the basis of vertical dissection and drainage density. In the second step we made division more detailed by using of traditional geomorphological units. In the third step we computed set of morphometric variables (average altitude, vertical dissection, drainage density, slope gradient and aspect) and other environmental characteristics (average annual precipitation, temperature, abundance of forest and farmland, etc.) for delimited units. Results can be used for the evaluation of particular landscape ecological characteristics (ecological stability, resistance, susceptibility, vulnerability, etc.), for the creation of territorial systems of ecological stability, natural hazard assessment, morphostructural analysis, analysis of barrier effect or availability analysis and another types of geographical, geoecological and geomorphological regionalizations.
Key words: Western Carpathians, morphographic-morphometric typification, vertical dissection, drainage density